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Thursday, May 19, 2011

Environmental Impact of Household Chemicals Part 2


This is a second article in a series of quotes and facts from doctors, health professionals, the EPA and more on how the toxic chemicals we use everyday impacts our lives and those around us. To read the first article in the series click Environmental Impact of Household Chemicals - the Vulnerability of Children

Exposure to Household Chemicals

· There are over 80,000 chemicals registered with the EPA and less than 20% of them have been tested for toxicity.
Today there are more than 80,000 synthetic chemicals.
Dr. Philip Landrigan, Professor of Community and Preventative Medicine at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, said less than 20% of the estimated chemicals manufactured in the past 50 years have been assessed for their neurotoxicity.
Children, because of their size and more future years of life, have a higher risk of early and prolonged exposure to chemicals than adults. The National Research Council (NRC), which is part of the National Academy of Sciences, conducted a study of 100 random chemicals. The study found that nearly 78 percent of these chemicals lacked even minimum toxicity standards.

Sources: U.S. EPA, New Chemicals Program; Landrigan, P.J., et al, (2006). The national children’s study: a 21-year prospective study of 100,000 American children. Pediatrics, 118(5), 2173-2186.

· A person who spends 15 minutes cleaning scale off shower walls could inhale three times the “acute one-hour exposure limit” for glycol-ether containing products set by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.

Sources: News-Medical.Net; University of California at Berkeley.

· It has been estimated that a person who cleans four houses a day, five days per week, 50 weeks per year, could inhale about 80 micrograms per day of formaldehyde, double the guideline value set by California's Proposition 65.
In addition, the person's intake of fine particulate matter during the hours spent cleaning would exceed the average federal guideline level for an entire year. These quantities are in addition to the formaldehyde and particulate matter that the person would be exposed to from all other sources and activities during the year.

Sources: News-Medical.Net; University of California at Berkeley, Household Chemicals.

· Several chlorinated chemicals can cause cancer and other serious health problems.
Chlorinated chemicals can come from consumer products, dry-cleaned clothes, and treated municipal water. Air levels of these chemicals, therefore, are generally higher in the home than outdoors.
Many commonly used consumer products contain chlorinated chemical solvents, such as trichloroethylene, methyl chloroform, perchloroethylene, and methylene chloride. These products include glues, spot removers, spray cleaners, water repellents, spray paints, paint strippers, and automotive products.

Sources: California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, Chlorinated Chemicals in Your Home, May 2001.

· Studies conducted in the United States indicate that people spend an average of 87% of their time in enclosed buildings.

Source: Klepeis, N.E., Tsang, A.M., and Behar, J.V. Analysis of the National Human Activity Pattern Survey (NHAPS) Respondents from a Standpoint of Exposure Assessment. Final EPA Report, EPA/600/R-96/074: Washington, D.C., 1996.

· Organic pollutants are 2 to 5 times higher inside homes than outside.
According to the EPA, sources of organic pollutants from household cleaners include:
solvents; wood preservatives; aerosol sprays; cleansers and disinfectants; and air fresheners.
Health effects from organic pollutants include: Eye, nose, and throat irritation; headaches, loss of coordination, nausea; damage to liver, kidney, and central nervous system.
Many organic compounds are known to cause cancer in animals; some are suspected of causing, or are known to cause, cancer in humans.

Source: U.S. EPA.


These statistics and quotes are quite scary. The chemicals in our home, under our sinks and being used everyday can pose such a danger to us in ways we never imagined.
We all want a clean, safe home for our families, but if what we are using is causing more harm than good, how do we achieve a clean home without hurting our families in the process?
By using safe, proven and effective cleaners designed by nature and perfected by science.
I hope you found this information helpful and that you reconsider the toxins being used in your homes today.

Julie

For more information on how toxic cleaners can cause serious health problems and some safe solutions available, you can read this article: Health Hazards Associated With Household Cleaners
Or you can view this short video here > Healthy Home Video  and choose “Healthy Home” (near the bottom of list)
For more information visit our website at: http://tobehealthy.myshaklee.com

Monday, May 9, 2011

Environmental Impact of Household Cleaners

This is a first in a series of quotes and facts from doctors, health professionals, the EPA and more on how toxic chemicals we use everyday impacts our lives and those around us.


The Vulnerability of Children

· "We are conducting a vast toxicologic experiment in our society, in which our children and our children's children are the experimental subjects," stated pediatrician Herbert L. Needleman.
Little information on possible toxic potential is available for the 80,000 chemicals registered today with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Of the 3,000 chemicals produced or imported at over 1 million pounds a year, only 43% have received even minimal toxicologic assessment, and a mere 23% have been tested to determine whether they have the potential to cause developmental damage.
Source: Landrigan, P.J. & Weiss, B. (2000). Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements, v107
supplement 3, June.


· Children are highly vulnerable to chemical toxicants. Pound for pound of body weight children drink more water, eat more food and breathe more air than adults.
The implication of this is that children will have substantially heavier exposures than adults to any toxicants that are present in water, food or air.
Source: Landrigan, P.J. & Garg, A. (2002). Chronic effects of toxic environmental exposures on children’s health. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology, 40(4), 449-456.

· Why are children a sensitive subpopulation?
Children’s metabolic pathways, especially in the first months after birth, are immature. Their ability to metabolize, detoxify and excrete many chemicals differs from adults.
Source: Landrigan, P.J., et al, (1998). Children's Health and the Environment: A New Agenda for Prevention Research, Environmental Health Perspectives 106, Supplement 3, June.

· Carcinogenic and toxic exposures sustained early in life including prenatal exposures appear more likely to lead to disease than similar exposures encountered later.
Source: Landrigan, P.J. & Garg, A. (2002). Chronic effects of toxic environmental exposures on
children’s health. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology, 40(4), 449-456.

· Faster metabolisms in children speed up their absorption of contaminants.
“Children absorb a greater proportion of many substances from the intestinal tract or lung,” says pediatrician Dr. Philip Landrigan.
“For example, children take up approximately half of the lead that they swallow while adults absorb only about one-tenth.”
Source: PBS.org, Trade Secrets: A Moyers Report (2001).

· Children spend a considerable amount of time putting things in their mouths.
In 1998, scientists at Rutgers University discovered that pesticides sprayed in a home evaporate from floors and carpets, and then re-condense on plastic and foam objects such as pillows and plush toys.
By observing how frequently a group of pre-schoolers put clean toys in their mouths, the researchers calculated that contaminated toys are likely to give young children much higher doses of poison than adults would get in the same environment.
Source: PBS.org, Trade Secrets: A Moyers Report (2001).

· Children have more time to develop chronic diseases triggered by early exposures.
Many diseases that are caused by toxicants in the environment require decades to develop.
Source: Landrigan, P.J. & Garg, A. (2002). Chronic effects of toxic environmental exposures on
children’s health. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology, 40(4), 449-456.

· Babies don't excrete contaminants or store them away in fat in the same ways that adults do, making the poisons more available to affect rapidly growing bodies.
Furthermore, because a baby’s immune system is not fully functional, a baby’s body cannot counteract toxic effects as well as an adult can.
In an adult, a blood-brain barrier insulates the brain from many of the potentially harmful chemicals circulating through the body. But in a human child, that barrier isn't fully developed until six months after birth.
Source: PBS.org, Trade Secrets: A Moyers Report (2001).

· Many contaminants such as dioxins and PCBs have an affinity for fatty tissue.
During pregnancy, women mobilize their amassed stores of body fat to provide nourishment for their growing babies; the contaminants in the fat are then passed to their children.
Nursing mothers also transfer a good portion of their lifetime accumulation of chemicals to their babies.
Source: PBS.org, Trade Secrets: A Moyers Report (2001).

· Children exposed in the womb are at greatest risk of all.
Because cellular structures change so rapidly during embryonic and fetal growth, a toxic exposure at the wrong moment can permanently alter further development.
According to Dr. Landrigan, the central nervous system is especially vulnerable. To function properly, the developing brain must lay down an intricate web of interconnecting neurons.
Small doses of neurotoxins during critical periods of brain development can alter those crucial neural pathways – one mistake early on, and the brain may be forever changed in subtle or serious ways.
Government and university scientists are currently investigating the possibility of a connection between fetal exposures to toxics and developmental disabilities such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Source: PBS.org, Trade Secrets: A Moyers Report (2001).

· Children’s metabolic pathways, especially in the first months after birth, are immature.
Their ability to metabolize, detoxify and excrete many chemicals differs from adults.
Source: Landrigan, P.J. & Garg, A. (2002). Chronic effects of toxic environmental exposures on
children’s health. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology, 40(4), 449-456.

These statistics and quotes are quite scary. The chemicals in our home, under our sinks and being used everyday can pose such a danger to our children in ways we never imagined.

We all want a clean, safe home for our families, but if what we are using is causing more harm than good, how do we achieve a clean home without hurting our families in the process?
By using safe, proven and effective cleaners designed by nature and perfected by science.
I hope you found this information helpful and that you reconsider the toxins being used in your homes today.

Julie

For more information on how toxic cleaners can cause serious health problems and some safe solutions available, you can read this article: Health Hazards Associated With Household Cleaners

Or you can view this short video here > Healthy Home Video  and choose “Healthy Home” (near the bottom of list)

For more information visit our website at: http://tobehealthy.myshaklee.com
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